Purchase your gold plating kit. Quick Summary To gold plate something, start by getting a gold plating kit, which will come with a liquid gold solution, an electrical supply, and a plating wand. Your email address will not be published. Stevenson, Edward , "One of the Three Witnesses: David Whitmer said that the angel struck Smith three times with such force that he was knocked off the hill onto the surrounding plain and had to reascend it Whitmer
Wearers who are sensitive to certain metals can wear gold filled without worries of an allergic reaction. Although the layer of gold in gold filled pieces varies depending on the manufacturer it is in all cases significantly thicker than regular gold plating the next category of gold jewelry. Gold filled accessories can be worn even daily without fear of fading or rubbing off for many cases as long as 30 years. Gold Plated jewelry is the best option for wearers who are jewelry obsessed but need to stay in a budget pretty much everyone out there.
It gives the impression of luxury while not causing you to break the bank every time you see a cute, trendy necklace or bracelet. Gold plated jewelry is made by using electricity or chemicals to deposit and bond a very thin layer of gold over another metal. The downside of gold plating is that the gold layer fades and tarnishes over time. The reason being that molecules of the base metals slowly transfer into the thin layer of gold causing it to break down.
When debating over whether to purchase solid gold, gold filled, or gold plated several factors should be taken into consideration. Solid gold, even gold alloys, despite their higher price tags are great for romantic gifts for a truly special someone.
It also makes for a great investment as solid gold retains its value and forever will hold its allure in the world of jewelry. Gold filled, although not as valuable as solid gold, is still a great option for gift giving and accessories you love. You shouldn't discredit gold plated jewelry. For example, it has been theorized that the plates were fashioned by Smith or one of his associates,  that Smith had the ability to convince others of their existence through illusions or hypnosis,  or that witnesses were having ecstatic visions.
The story of the golden plates consists of how, according to Joseph Smith and his contemporaries, the plates were found, received from the angel Moroni , translated, and returned to the angel before the publication of the Book of Mormon. Smith is the only source for a great deal of the story because much of it occurred while he was the only human witness.
Nevertheless, Smith told the story to his family, friends, and acquaintances, and many of them provided second-hand accounts. Other parts of the story are derived from the statements of those who knew Smith, including several witnesses who said that they saw the golden plates. The best-known elements of the golden plates story are found in an account told by Smith in and incorporated into the official church histories of some Latter Day Saint movement denominations.
At the time, churches in the region contended so vigorously for souls that western New York later became known as the " burned-over district " because the fires of religious revivals had burned over it so often. Smith did not consider himself to be a "peeper" or "glass-looker" , a practice he called "nonsense". According to Smith, he found the plates after he was directed to them by a heavenly messenger  whom he later identified as the angel Moroni.
Some contemporaries who later claimed he told them the story said there were others, some of which are relevant to the modern debate about whether or how closely events of early Mormonism were related to the practice of contemporary folk magic.
In the morning, Smith began work as usual and did not mention the visions to his father  because, he said, he did not think his father would believe him. Smith said he saw a large stone covering a box made of stone or possibly iron. According to Smith's followers, Smith said he took the plates from the box, put them on the ground, and covered the box with the stone to protect the other treasures that it contained.
Disconcerted by his inability to obtain the plates, Smith said he briefly wondered whether his experience had been a "dreem of Vision" [sic]. In response to his question, Smith said the angel appeared and told him he could not receive the plates because he "had been tempted of the advisary and saught the Plates to obtain riches and kept not the commandments that I should have an eye single to the Glory of God" [sic].
Smith said the angel instructed him to return the next year, on September 22, , with the "right person": Smith said that he visited the hill "at the end of each year" for four years after the first visit in ,  but there is no record of him being in the vicinity of Palmyra between January and January , when he returned to New York from Pennsylvania with his new wife.
The next annual visit on September 22, would be, Smith told associates, his last chance to receive the plates.
Another of Smith's former treasure-hunting associates, Samuel T. Lawrence , was also apparently aware of the approaching date to obtain the plates, and Smith was concerned that he might cause trouble. If Lawrence attempted to leave, the elder Smith was to tell him that his son would "thrash the stumps with him" if he found him at the hill.
Some time in the early morning hours, he said that he retrieved the plates and hid them in a hollow log on or near Cumorah. Over the next few days, Smith took a well-digging job in nearby Macedon to earn enough money to buy a solid lockable chest in which to put the plates. He nevertheless hurriedly rode home with Emma. Once home in Manchester , he said he walked to Cumorah , removed the plates from their hiding place, and walked home through the woods and away from the road with the plates wrapped in a linen frock under his arm.
Knocking the man down with a single punch, Joseph ran as fast as he could for about a half mile before he was attacked by a second man trying to get the plates. After similarly overpowering the man, Joseph continued to run, but before he reached the house, a third man hit him with a gun. In striking the last man, Joseph said, he injured his thumb. Smith is said to have put the plates in a locked chest and hid them in his parents' home in Manchester. After letting his mother feel through a thin cloth what she said was the breastplate, he placed it in the locked chest.
The Smith home was approached "nearly every night" by villagers hoping to find the chest, where Smith said the plates were kept. Shortly thereafter the empty box was discovered and the place ransacked by Smith's former treasure-seeking associates,  who had enlisted one of the men's sisters to find the hiding place by looking in her seer stone.
Smith said that the plates were engraved in an unknown language, and he told associates that he was capable of reading and translating them. The second phase began sporadically in early and then in earnest in April with the arrival of Oliver Cowdery , a schoolteacher who volunteered to serve as Smith's full-time scribe. Smith used scribes to write the words he said were a translation of the golden plates, dictating the words while peering into seer stones , which he said allowed him to see the translation.
Smith's translation process evolved from of his previous use of seer stones in treasure-seeking. After the loss of the first manuscript pages, Smith translated with a single seer stone, which some sources say he had previously used in treasure-seeking.
Smith's translation did not require the use of the plates themselves. In the 19th century, the most common explanation was that he copied the work from a manuscript written by Solomon Spaulding. Smith's dictations were written down by a number of assistants, including Emma Smith, Martin Harris, and Oliver Cowdery. This confirms the view that the English text existed in some kind of unalterable, spiritual form rather than that someone had to think through difficult conceptual issues and idioms, always resulting in variants in any translation.
When Smith and Emma moved to Pennsylvania in October , they transported a wooden box, which Smith said contained the plates, hidden in a barrel of beans. In April , Martin Harris 's wife, Lucy , visited Harmony with her husband and demanded to see the plates. When Smith refused to show them to her, she searched the house, grounds, and woods. According to Smith's mother, during the search Lucy was frightened by a large, black snake and so was prevented from digging up the plates.
In March , Martin Harris visited Harmony and asked to see the plates. Smith told him that he "would go into the woods where the Book of Plates was, and that after he came back, Harris should follow his tracks in the snow, and find the Book, and examine it for himself.
In early June , the unwanted attentions of locals around Harmony necessitated Smith's move to the home of David Whitmer and his parents in Fayette, New York. Smith said that during this move the plates were transported by the angel Moroni , who put them in the garden of the Whitmer house, where Smith could recover them.
The translation was completed at the Whitmer home. After translation was complete, Smith said he returned the plates to the angel, but he did not elaborate about this experience. Smith taught that part of the golden plates were "sealed. David Whitmer is quoted as stating that he saw just the untranslated portion of the plates sitting on the table with the sword and also a breastplate.
Smith said the angel Moroni had commanded him not to show the plates to any unauthorized person. It is unclear whether the witnesses believed they had seen the plates with their physical eyes or had seen them in a vision.
For instance, although Martin Harris continued to testify to the truth of the Book of Mormon even when he was estranged from the church, at least during the early years of the movement, he "seems to have repeatedly admitted the internal, subjective nature of his visionary experience.
According to some sources, Smith initially intended that the first authorized witness be his firstborn son;  but this child was stillborn in By June , Smith determined that there would be eight additional witnesses, a total of twelve including Smith.
In addition to Smith and the other eleven who claimed to be witnesses, a few other early Mormons said they saw the plates. For instance, Smith's mother Lucy Mack Smith said she had "seen and handled" the plates. The plates were said to be bound at one edge by a set of rings. In , Martin Harris , is reported to have said that the plates were "fastened together in the shape of a book by wires". Hyrum Smith and John Whitmer , also witnesses in , are reported to have stated that the rings holding the plates together were, in Hyrum's words, "in the shape of the letter D, which facilitated the opening and shutting of the book".
Emma said she "felt of the plates, as they thus lay on the table, tracing their outline and shape. They seemed to be pliable like thick paper, and would rustle with a metallic sound when the edges were moved by the thumb, as one does sometimes thumb the edges of a book".
Smith did not provide his own published description of the plates until , when he said in a letter that "each plate was six inches [15 cm] wide and eight inches [20 cm] long, and not quite so thick as common tin. The volume was something near six inches [15 cm] in thickness". The plates were first described as "gold", and beginning about , the plates were widely called the "gold bible". Smith's first published description of the plates said that the plates "had the appearance of gold",  and Smith said that Moroni had referred to the plates as "gold.
Different people estimated the weight of the plates differently. Martin Harris said that he had "hefted the plates many times, and should think they weighed forty or fifty pounds [18—23 kg]". According to Smith and others, the golden plates contained a "sealed" portion  containing "a revelation from God, from the beginning of the world to the ending thereof.
The Book of Mormon refers to other documents and plates as being "sealed" to be revealed at some future time. For example, the Book of Mormon says the entire set of plates was "sealed up, and hid up unto the Lord"  and that separate records of John the Apostle were "sealed up to come forth in their purity" in the end times.
Smith may have understood the sealing to be a supernatural or spiritual sealing "by the power of God" 2 Nephi Several witnesses described a physical sealing placed on part of the plates by Mormon or Moroni.
David Whitmer said that when an angel showed him the plates in , "a large portion of the leaves were so securely bound together that it was impossible to separate them,"  that the "sealed" part of the plates were held together as a solid mass "stationary and immovable,"  "as solid to my view as wood,"  and that there were "perceptible marks where the plates appeared to be sealed"  with leaves "so securely bound that it was impossible to separate them. The golden plates were said to contain engravings that the Book of Mormon describes as reformed Egyptian.
John Whitmer , one of the Eight Witnesses , said the plates had "fine engravings on both sides,"  and Orson Pratt , who did not see the plates himself but who had spoken with witnesses, understood that there were engravings on both sides of the plates, "stained with a black, hard stain, so as to make the letters more legible and easier to be read.
The golden plates are significant within the Latter Day Saint movement because they are the reputed source for the Book of Mormon , which Smith called the "most correct of any book on earth, and the keystone of our religion.
The Book of Mormon itself refers to a long tradition of writing historical records on plates, of which the golden plates are a culmination see List of plates Latter Day Saint movement. In addition, Smith once believed in the authenticity of a set of engraved metal plates called the Kinderhook plates ,  although these plates turned out to be a hoax by non-Mormons who sought to entice Smith to translate them in order to discredit his reputation.
Some Latter Day Saints, especially those within the Community of Christ , have doubted the historicity of the golden plates and downplayed their significance. For them, the message of the Book of Mormon is inseparable from the story of its origins. Hugh Nibley said in that proof of the actual existence of the golden plates would not settle disputes about the Book of Mormon and the story of its origin.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Part of a series on the Book of Mormon Origin. Historical authenticity and criticism. Early life of Joseph Smith. Life of Joseph Smith from to Book of Mormon witnesses. Wire bonding between gold plated contacts and aluminium wires or between aluminium contacts and gold wires under certain conditions develops a brittle layer of gold-aluminium intermetallics , known as purple plague.
Soldering gold-plated parts can be problematic as gold is soluble in solder. The joint surface is dull-looking. Gold reacts with both tin and lead in their liquid state, forming brittle intermetallics. Particles of AuSn 4 disperse in the solder matrix, forming preferential cleavage planes, significantly lowering the mechanical strength and therefore reliability of the resulting solder joints. If the gold layer does not completely dissolve into the solder, then slow intermetallic reactions can proceed in the solid state as the tin and gold atoms cross-migrate.
Intermetallics have poor electrical conductivity and low strength. The ongoing intermetallic reactions also cause Kirkendall effect , leading to mechanical failure of the joint, similar to the degradation of gold-aluminium bonds known as purple plague. Impurities in the nickel layer can prevent the solder from bonding to it. Electroless nickel plating contains phosphorus.
Electrodeposited nickel may contain nickel hydroxide. An acid bath is required to remove the passivation layer before applying the gold layer; improper cleaning leads to a nickel surface difficult to solder. A stronger flux can help, as it aids dissolving the oxide deposits. Carbon is another nickel contaminant that hinders solderability. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
Gold-plated aluminium cover on Voyager space craft that protects a gold-plated Sounds of Earth record A gold plated desktop Stirling engine Gold plating is a method of depositing a thin layer of gold onto the surface of another metal, most often copper or silver (to make silver-gilt . You searched for: gold golden plated! Etsy is the home to thousands of handmade, vintage, and one-of-a-kind products and gifts related to your search. No matter what you’re looking for or where you are in the world, our global marketplace of sellers can help you find unique and affordable options. Let’s get started! According to Latter Day Saint belief, the golden plates (also called the gold plates or in some 19th-century literature, the golden bible) are the source from which Joseph Smith claimed to have translated the Book of Mormon, a sacred text of the faith.